Devoted & Disgruntled 12: What Shall We Do About Theatre and the Performing Arts Now?
Audience Wellbeing: Freesheets and helplines, how can we do better?
Rachel Moorhouse - 17 January 2017
WHO WAS THERE
REPORT DETAILThis was my first D & D and I hadn't planned on calling a session, however after hearing sessions called around artist wellbeing, mental health and supporting neuro-diverse audiences and performers I felt compelled to call a session on Audience wellbeing. In a panic I came up with a really crap title.
I called this session from a position of a theatre company creating and touring a piece of work exploring ADHD, mental health and diagnosis who are currently exploring practices, systems and environments which can support and enhance audience wellbeing.
Also from my experience of an audience member who has left a few performances in recent years feeling vulnerable and not very well looked after. One experience resulted in me leaving the performance with my partner, running around the back of the theatre and falling to the floor in a heap of tears as I couldn't face being in the chaos of the foyer. After another performance I felt unable to leave the space and found myself sobbing under the bright lights of the auditorium as audiences passed, eye balling me with concern or discomfort.
I was interested to find out where people think responsibility for audience wellbeing lies; with venues, artists, audiences? And particularly the ways in which artists and venues can better support audience wellbeing, both in the context of presenting potentially “triggering” work, but also in a wider sense of creating a more holistic approach to audience experience as opposed to a transactional “customer experience”.
A small but perfectly-formed group joined me, here are some of our thoughts:
- We would welcome a decompression space for audience members to use post-performance, preferably a space between the theatre and social space, which would allow audiences to ground themselves before the hustle of the foyer or the nightbus home.
*Gecko partnering with local Mind groups who hosted ‘Gecko corner’ in theatre foyers after 'Institute' to support audience members.
*Art with Heart's wellbeing room, facilitated by a mental health worker which is open before, during and post-performance of 'Declaration'.
*Commonwealth's 'Our Glasshouse'; site-specific work which explored domestic violence, set within a house. Audiences were told at the beginning that they would all reconvene in the front room to sit together and talk. At first this was uncomfortable for the person who shared, however by the end of the 30 minutes they left feeling much calmer.
- Having a third party host the aforementioned spaces, who is not a member of the company or attached to the venue, can offer freedom for audiences as the focus is solely on their care and experience, not on an exchange with the company or pressure to offer feedback.
- We enjoy the dark of the cinema; how extensive credits give us permission to just sit for a while and digest. We asked if theatres could pay technical staff to stay on longer to allow audiences to stay in the space if needed if the venue doesn't have an alternate quiet space.
Information and Dissemination
- We discussed the importance of information - artists and companies sharing as much information as possible with venues to ensure they are prepared and aware of the content of the work. This should be sent via the usual channels of marketing and programming, however often the information does not get disseminated to the people who are on the ground in the building during performances; box office and front of house teams need to be briefed by venue staff and companies.
- We discussed how to make the house rules clear for audiences, following on conversations of ‘audience etiquette’ from other sessions. If we make it clear that audiences can leave, that they do not have to take part in interactive sections, that there are spaces available for them to go to, then we remove anxieties and they can become ‘authors of their own experience’.
- Post-performance Q&A's and panels need to be given much more consideration. We shared examples of discussions we had experienced as audience members and one's which we had been part of as performers which did not feel safe or comfortable for audiences or panellists. We discussed the importance of an experienced and prepared chair, one who knows the work but is not too emotionally attached to it. A chair who can construct questions which spark interesting conversation and debate, yet are safe for audiences and performers to answer.
Examples cited- a company who had used directors, visiting venue staff and producers to chair a panel on tour. The Producer chaired the most effective panel as they knew the work well enough to steer conversations, but were a step removed from the rehearsal room and creative process.
- Experts can be useful and valuable to conversations around particular subjects, however it's important they know what to expect and are not seeing the work, processing and responding at the same rate as the audience. They need a level of distance and preparation if they are to chair effectively and considerately.
- “'You can't make an omelette without braking some eggs' - perhaps there needs to be the eggy part at the beginning of Q & A's to get to the good stuff.” We can't control how people will speak in a public arena, they may want to share deeply personal responses and choose to be vulnerable, however a level of responsibility needs to be taken by those presenting work. Sometimes vulnerability and disclosure from audiences can be a joyful, empowering and uniting experience.
- Post-performance talks can be really effective when the performer/s are not present. Audiences feel free to respond to each other and about their experiences and conversation is focussed more on what they've seen and their personal response, than on who they have seen and how they performed or created a piece. It becomes a conversation.
- Performers are not always best placed to answer questions and talk immediately after a performance, they need de-compression space too!
Examples cited -
*Dialogue's Theatre Club- independent post-show discussions.
*A babes in arms performance of a play which explored motherhood and discussed personal experience of miscarriage and loss and how the audience became a support network for one another in the space.
- If performers are present, it's important they are well-equipped with the knowledge and skills to answer potentially difficult questions and that they are accompanied by someone who can support vulnerable audience members through skilled facilitation.
Disclosure and Responsibility
Audiences often disclose personal experiences and information to performers. It is important audiences feel they can have a dialogue with companies presenting the work, as they have opened those lines of conversation and thought. However it can be overwhelming for performers, particularly when presenting autobiographical work, and if disclosures highlight an audience member at risk that can be a huge responsibility.
- We discussed having pre-written responses ready for audiences which guide them to support services and those better placed to offer advice, whilst also acknowledging gratitude that they have reached out. This is a practical way for artists and companies to respond to written disclosures.
- Post-performance Q & A facilitators can help construct boundaries around audience response and disclosure for autobiographical work by acknowledging the importance of decompression space for performers.
*Art with Heart worked with a member of venue staff who hosted Q&A and help set boundaries for audiences on the premiere of autobiographical work 'Declaration'. Audiences were not discouraged from connecting with the performer, however they were more considered in their approach and as a result more useful dialogues took place.
*A young audience member disclosed information of a damaging personal experiences to an artist which left the artist in a difficult position in knowing who to pass the information onto, they needed to consider confidentiality and also the safety of the audience member and the line of communication and responsibility was unclear.
First time attendees and Comfort Zones
- “So often we ask audiences to leave their comfort zones and come into ours”. How can we make our spaces more comfortable and welcoming? We discussed how practices usually reserved for outreach departments where by groups are met and guided through theatre spaces so that they feel supported, may be useful.
*Example cited from a festival where a group were given a guide for the day to help them navigate and support their experience. Without the guide the group noted they would have left as they did not feel comfortable in certain spaces.
- Independent companies and artists face tight budgets which make it hard to implement practices, often they are unable to get third party support, especially on tour. Clear and honest communication with venues could help, asking what support they are able to offer that you may be unaware of.
- Audience members choose to enter spaces and conversations willingly, however though they may think they know what they are signing up for, they cannot predict their response, and there is still a collective responsibility by those presenting the work (companies and venues) to consider the audiences wellbeing.
*Example cited of good practice from Vaccum Cleaner and his work 'Mental'; an autobiographical performance told through the performers psychiatric records, presented in his bedroom to a small audience. The artist employed two people - one to look after him after each performance and one to look after the audience. The audience could stay in the space after the performance for a while, whilst the performer would have a space of their own in another room with support.
- Perhaps we could take a more creative approach to presenting this material, to help encourage more people to engage with it.
*Example cited of Vaccum Cleaner listing support numbers alongside a track list from the show. “Some people need support, some people need to go home turn the music up and dance to disco.”
Thanks to all who attended the session. Anyone wishing to carry on the conversation, you can contact me via firstname.lastname@example.org.
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